Monday, March 11, 2019

Lean Manufacturing

Introduction arguing manufacturing is the intersectionion of goods through an approach which aims at less(prenominal)en counteract material art object channeling them to useful activities. go manufacturing focuses on employ little human and machinery effort, less manufacturing space and less quantify to produce and scram naked as a jaybird products plot of ground producing less dissolution material. The concept of fish manufacturing focuses on three major(ip) aspects which include overture of smell of products and toil fourth dimension and also hail reduction. Other aspects of sway manufacturing have been f both ined which accentuate on up(a) the smoothness of work and in effect pencil lead to waste reduction. sparse implementations main goal is to go about the right things at the appropriate place, at the required condemnation in the correct criterion so as to attain good products while reducing wastes. wobble techniques atomic number 18 implemented to m ake work easier to transform and to coif. (Field, W. M. 2001).The concept of scarper output requires that the products produced must meet the guests needs at the specific clip by understand the activities required and optimizing them to complete the offshoot from the customers view. The aim of lean manufacturing is to detach waste material in altogether aspects of production which includes milling machinery management, customer relations and design in this concept, waste material is considered as anything that the customer is unwilling to pay for. Lean techniques ar concepts designed to decoct waste products and reach an efficient production system.Lean techniques champion industries to emend performers, productivity, scale down apostrophize and improve the value of the company. A lean manufacturing system requires the use of correct visions and tools to attain the main goals of lean production. Lean techniques be designed in a product aligned appearance where p roduction is based on a one piece break away system in which production is in a continuous current. Lean techniques require a continuous advantage of processes services and products over a period of period with the aim of reducing waste, improving product death penalty and customers satisfaction. The main goal of lean technique is to eliminate waste in every aspect of production including factory management, product designs and supplier system. internalization of less human effort and less clip to develop the products has lead to achieve this goal.A align of quality/lean improvement techniques related to the guide of Industrial problems.Industries and companies are both using this methods and the half a dozen stigma method to reduce waste, increase speed while at the same time providing defect and variation reduction, using this tools together has help a expectant deal in achieving the eudaimonias and reducing production of wastes. Lean Six Sigma is an improvement techni que which helps to attain maximum improvement in customer satisfaction, cost reduction, quality improvement and speedy processing.Lean techniques help in stigma so as to maintenance tools, materials and personnel in a proper way so as to minimize waste and to increase speed. The lean six stigma techniques are also provided for improvement of the information technology, and human resource department of the company. In this method, company practices such as having and framing new employees can be minimize when speeding is increase and non value adding activities are removed and also when waste is eliminated. The lean six methods assist in keeping the focus of the industry on the two goals. Through this commercialisation process of the company is made efficient by delivering within the shortest time new cap adequate products and services to the market.Lean improvement techniques are focused on the main goal which is to identity the value of an industry. After identifying the value, t hey work to pretend the value in steps which minimize the amount of waste created. To achieve this, they need to order and regulate working practices and at the same time clear up the oeuvre. 5s is a methodology of cleaning up and organizing the piece of work which originated from Japan.This technique emphasizes much on how to achieve and maintain cleanliness and visual rules of order at the workplace. In this methodology, companies are required to remove unnecessary items from the workplace and organize it, to make it easier for employees to perform their tasks in a clean and straight working environment. 5s usu tout ensembley can be translated into sort, set in order, shine, standardize and sustain. Sort refers to remove unnecessary tools and items from the workplace and identifying the most needed tools to perform the tasks.Set in order, ensures that tools and materials are arranged in a manner which is easier for the employees to access. last sustain ensures that 5s metho d is assimilated in the organization culture. To ensure this is adhered to by all employees, their performance is measured and they are informed of their progress routinely. The main benefit of this method is that it keeps the workplace orderly and clean. As a result, efficiency is alter by reducing time take to search for tools by reducing inventory and cycle of production time. (Hobbs, D. P. 2003).Total productive maintenance (TPM) is a lean technique which focuses on incorporating all functions and categories of an organization so as to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their production process. Its main aim is to reduce accidents and skid made during surgical process and production. It is a technique which aims at preventing maintenance breakdowns, eliminating product defects and designing tools and materials which require less maintenance. Cellular manufacturing also referred to as one-piece flow system, supports a smooth flow of materials, where equipments are arr anged in an aligned procedure so as to reduce transport delays. By using this technique, the production capacity of an industry can be increased by adding more production units. (Dennis, P. 2002).The concept that Lean has on economic aspirations of developed and developing countriesLean manufacturing which is described as a system to eliminate waste and improve productivity, is the answer to eliminate the problem of jobless heap in these countries. Lean manufacturing technique must be aligned fittingly at all production levels so as to improve the scrimping of these countries. Developing countries have discovered lean manufacturing techniques are effective in reducing costs and waste by increasing their workforce, so as to have a one piece flow system.These countries must reduce costs at all levels by challenging all their activities to establish whether the activities add value to the customers. This way, they can eliminate business processes which do not add value to the custo mer or benefit the industry. They should focus their management more by determining why a certain operation must be used. Preventing production defects is more profitable than fixing it. Therefore, removing all non-value added activities is more beneficial to the company, and in the long run, improves the economy of these countries. (Conner, G. 2001).By identifying activities which provide more value to the customer, companies will be able to reduce costs, reduce the time required to achieve a product and also improve the quality of their products. Use of lean manufacturing in developing countries ensures flexibility and one- piece flow production which leads to production of goods which are best suited for the customers needs by meeting the delivery time at a reduced cost. This enables the countries to throw a fit their internal market by reducing costs. Having a customers based focus, is a technique which has enablight-emitting diode industries to focus on customers input and fe edback to ensure customers satisfaction and so promotes the sales.Physical and Socio economic impact of Lean on resources and pollutionWhile lean manufacturing techniques focus in the first place on reducing waste and eliminating non-value added activities in their production system, they also mount practices which help in improving environmental performance. Through this, they are able to focus on the environment and related resources by reducing pollution. Industries are directing their attention to lean manufacturing so as to reduce cost and production requirement resource, to improve their product quality and enhance customer satisfaction and responsiveness so as to boost the companys profits. The main goal of lean technique is to eliminate waste in every aspect of production including factory management, product designs and supplier system. internalisation of less human effort and less time to develop the products has led to achieve this goal.Industries engage in lean techn iques which focus more on production efficiency and improving production of resources. Doing this results to, using less material, using less energy, and in effect, producing less waste. This culture in turn benefits the environment, in the sense that industries train their employees to focus on environmental friendly practices so as to reduce waste production and prevent pollution.Lean methods have formal recurring improvement based waste elimination techniques which lead to improvement in environmental performance. Research studies have shown that lean techniques focus on environmental management tools which include, life cycle and tools implemented to reduce the environmental risks and pollution. Decreasing the material used during production especially water, chemicals, energy and early(a) inputs, reduces chance of producing more waste during manufacturing and thus less waste is channeled into the environment. The continual improvement techniques used by industries enables th em to identify and remove waste materials during the production process. (Taghizadegan, S. 2006).ConclusionLean manufacturing techniques have been implemented so as to provide customers with a range of higher quality products at lower prices through many unalike sales channels. Lean manufacturing focuses on using less human and machinery effort, less manufacturing space and less time to produce and develop new products while producing less waste material. The concept of lean manufacturing focuses on three major aspects which include improvement of quality of products and production time and also cost reduction. Other aspects of lean manufacturing have been established which emphasize on improving the smoothness of work and in effect leading to waste reduction. Lean implementations main goal is to get the right things at the appropriate place, at the required time in the correct quantity so as to attain good products while reducing wastes.Lean techniques are implemented to make work easier to understand and to perform. The concept of lean production that the products produced must meet the customer needs at the specific time by understand the activities required and optimizing them to complete the process from the customers view. The aim of lean manufacturing is to eliminate waste material in all aspects of production which includes factory management, customer relations and design in this concept, waste material is considered as anything that the customer is unwilling to pay for. Lean techniques are concepts designed to reduce waste products and achieve an efficient production system.ReferencesConner, G. (2001). Lean Manufacturing for the Small Shop. SME.Dennis, P. (2002). Lean Production Simplified. Productivity Press.Field, W. M. (2001). Lean Manufacturing. CRC Press.Hobbs, D. P. (2003). Lean Manufacturing Implementation. J. Ross Publishing.Taghizadegan, S. (2006). Essentials of Lean Six Sigma. faculty member Press.

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