Sunday, December 29, 2019
November 29, 2002 Problematic: Why was it so important for slave owners that their slaves should remain ignorant and what strategies did they use to achieve this goal? Ã¢â¬Å"If you give a nigger an inch, he will take an ell. A nigger should know nothing but to obey his masterÃ¢â¬âto do as he is told to doÃ¢â¬ , a sentence said by Mr Auld in the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglas, written by himself (Boston 1845). Since last year, I have been interested in slave narratives and I read some about them. And each time, or almost, I noticed many common features in those books. As we already know, slaves were generally ill-treated, whippedÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Otherwise, what could justify this condition of slaves? Once more, in order to justify their ownership of other human beings, slave owners must constantly deny the humanity of their slaves. To convince themselves that their slaves are not quite human, slave owners treat them inhumanely. Even if some slaveholders were deeply convinced that black people were white menÃ¢â¬â¢s equal, they had to deny it or else slavery would stop. This is what Frederick Douglas called Ã¢â¬Å"the evil of slaveryÃ¢â¬ in his narrative when good-natured slave owners had to forget their own feelings and to behave very severely toward them for the continuation of slavery. In treating their slaves like beasts, the masters became one themselves. Then, slave owners separated young slaves from their family very early so as to avoid strong alliances among the slaves which could be a serious threat to their hold on power. On the contrary, they wanted to develop a sense of individuality and rivalry among slaves, they were trying to divide them. For example, slave owners rewarded slaves for giving information on one another. This is how they partially prevented slaves from forming organized rebellions. There is an example which shows the efficiency of this practice in Frederick DouglasÃ¢â¬â¢s narrative since he is betrayed, probably by one of his closest friend on his first attempt to escapeShow MoreRelatedThe Narrative Of The Life Of Frederick Douglass And Assata1165 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesConfinement Narratives In the books, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass and Assata: An Autobiography the authors talked their experience of confinement while being in slavery and prison. The perspective Fredrick Douglas brought upon his experience of slavery affected the tone throughout the book. As for Assata her viewpoint of confinement was from her experience as a prisoner in the hospital and prison. Confinement is the act of isolating someone from human contact and society or aRead MoreFrom Bondage to Freedom939 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAbraham Lincoln heard Ã¢â¬Å"anyone arguing for slaveryÃ¢â¬ he would Ã¢â¬Å"feel a strong impulse to see it tried on him personallyÃ¢â¬ . Experiencing slavery first hand would definitely give someone an opposing view towards slavery. Despite the quick fix for slavery this option offers, it is not one of the more humane or reasonable choices. Slavery has a long history as something that will ruin a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life. One of the most horrific outcom es of human nature, slavery becomes recognizable not only as an outwardRead MoreSlavery And African American Society1184 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesin Greece, and gained his freedom as he acquired knowledge. To those who are oppressed by the chains of slavery, education is a rarity. To oppressors, keeping slaves ignorant is ideal. African-American social reformer, Frederick Douglass, experienced the bondage of slavery and the influence education held in regards to gaining his freedom. Education was a major force for social change with regard to to slavery and African-American rights. Slavery is only possible because of the influence of educationRead MoreThis Document Discusses The Narrative Of One Of The Most1136 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesexcerpt could be found in his autobiography from pages 39 Ã¢â¬â 43. This excerpt discusses the life of the famous abolitionist from the time he was a boy, to the time he had become a full-grown adult who was influenced by various life experiences and knowledge. This document is likely intended for various individuals, from students to historians, from professors to politicians. It is for anyone who is interested in researching the history of America from it s early beginnings, to it s tension filledRead More The Cycle of Slavery in The Tempest Essay1641 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCycle of Slavery in The TempestÃ Ã William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s The Tempest blends elements of adventure and intellectual inquiry. The plot of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s last work contains comedy, romance, and action enough to sustain the interest of his common audience. However, there lies beneath the eloquent language and exciting plot an intelligent political commentary. Shakespeare uses the setting of a virtually uninhabited island as an experimental testing ground for the institution of slavery. ShakespeareRead MoreAnalysis Of Frederick Douglass s The Slave Of The Human Beings 914 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesinhumane system of enslavement and black peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s simplicity. Frederick Douglass used to be part of that time period, under the pathetic slavery system. As one of the most influential black lecturer and orator in American history, Douglass wrote down his own experiences as a former slave in the style of narrative. His words demonstrate that leaning or gaining knowledge is the most important thing led to freedom for black people in his time. Mr. DouglassÃ¢â¬â¢s narrative records his growth from a ignorantRead MoreEssay about Narrative of Life of Frederick Douglass893 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbeing slave and his psychological insights into the slave-master relationship. The main focus is on Ã¢â¬ËHow he learn to read and write Ã¢â¬Ëand Ã¢â¬Ëthe pain of slavery.Ã¢â¬â¢ The goal of this paper is to bring more insight analysis of his narrative life through the most famous two chapterÃ¢â¬â¢s in which he defines, Ã¢â¬Å"How he learn to read and writeÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The pain of slavery.Ã¢â¬ To achieve this goal, the paper is organized into four main sections. First, author background and introduction, second summary of chapter VII andRead MoreAbraham Lincoln, By George Mcgovern Essay1653 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesexpand his knowledge so he could fully analyze any situation. According to McGovern, this personality trait allowed Lincoln to work and rise up from a farmerÃ¢â¬â¢s son to the President of the United States . This trait, also, allowed Lincoln Ã¢â¬Å"to take a far more active role in managing military affairsÃ¢â¬ . Lincoln was able to come up with a new strategy for the Union to win the Civil War. Additionally, McGovern discusses the two issues that truly defined and shaped LincolnÃ¢â¬â¢s presidency: slavery and unifyingRead MoreAbraham Lincoln Views on Slavery1608 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesending slavery in the United States. Due to his actions before and during the Civil War, it seems as though Lincoln always viewed slavery as a terrible thing that must be stopped immediately. But that was not how he always felt. LincolnÃ¢â¬â¢s views on slavery varied during his political career and his plan of action was mostly based off of how he personally felt about slavery. Lincoln admitted in his speeches that he knew slavery was wrong, but the steps that had to be taken to deal with slavery were neverRead MoreEssay Frederick Douglass and Slavery1448 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFrederick Douglass and Slavery Frederick Douglass the most successful abolitionist who changed AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s views of slavery through his writings and actions. Frederick Douglass had many achievements throughout his life. His Life as a slave had a great impact on his writings. His great oratory skills left the largest impact on Civil War time period literature. All in all he was the best black speaker and writer ever. Douglass was born a slave in 1817, in Maryland. He educated
Saturday, December 21, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"Come, you spirits/ That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me hereÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Act I, scene V, lines 44-45) nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In Macbeth, William Shakespeare writes this passage in order to shape the character of Lady Macbeth. Using only this line, the reader can almost determine Lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s personality and her motives. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Up to the point where this quote leaves off, we have not heard much of Lady Macbeth. When she receives the letter from Macbeth, it seems her fascination is not directed at her husband, but at her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s newly attained power. It is evident that the first impression of Lady Macbeth is negative. Without wasting any time, she begins to plan DuncanÃ¢â¬â¢s death and assumes responsibility ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦By now, we are able to recognize Lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s nature. Her thoughts are bombarded with dark images and her mind is set on the murder of the King. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Finally, in the last and most significant part of the sentence Lady Macbeth says, Ã¢â¬Å"unsex me here.Ã¢â¬ In context, she wants the spirits to come and take away her soft, feminine characteristics. She feels that her husband is too nice to get the greatness he is promised, and the only way he can succeed is if she helps him. From what we have seen, Lady Macbeth seems to be the Ã¢â¬Å"man of the house.Ã¢â¬ She is willing to do anything that is necessary in order for her to be queen, including murder. She is also quite smart, she knows that her husband tends to be passive, and is not about to give up on him now. In the first half of the novel, Lady Macbeth is the brain behind the operation. She not only provides the actual plan, but encourages her husband as well. During the period the novel was written, women were considered to be submissive. However in her case, she is so influential that Macbeth is even persuaded by her. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;To help convince Macbeth not to call the murder off, Lady Macbeth questions his manhood. She says, Ã¢â¬Å"When you durst do it, then you were a man;/ And to be more than what you were, you would/ Be so much more the manÃ¢â¬ (pg. 20, lines 55-57) Lady Macbeth knows the weak point of her husband, andShow MoreRelatedA Character Comparison of Macbeth and Prospero from Shakespeares Macbeth and The Tempest676 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThese two Shakespearean characters, Macbeth and Prospero, from Macbeth and The Tempest can greatly compare to one another. From the very beginning, these two men are hard to understand and seem like your average warrior and ruler. Both of these characters are dealing with struggle of power; however, they both deal with this issue in different, interesting ways with different results. At the end of these two plays, we meet two entirely different characters than the ones that we were introduced toRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Macbeth 8 84 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMacbeth Summary - Act 5 Scenes 1 - 9 Written by Josh, Corey, Sinead, Phoebe and Mason Phoebe Scene 1: So the first scene begins with a physician overseeing Lady Macbeth sleepwalking and muttering to herself while rubbing her hands, trying to remove the imaginary blood. Ã¢â¬ËHereÃ¢â¬â¢s the smell of the blood still: all the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Act 5 Scene 1 Lines 11-12) This line is important as it represents Lady Macbeth at war with herself and shows she will never moveRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Play For King James I, The Tragedy Of Macbeth1200 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesJames I, the tragedy of Macbeth. For the last five-hundred years, this highly regarded piece of literature has been studied by countless students and intellectuals. One of the many methods scholars use to interpret a piece of literature is through the feminist perspective. Feminism is defined as the doctrine advocating social, political, and all other rights of women equal to those of men (Ã¢â¬Å"FeminismÃ¢â¬ ). Although one can use a feminist lens to interpret Shakespe areÃ¢â¬â¢s Macbeth, the historical perspectiveRead MoreUnsex Me Here Macbeth Analysis Essay642 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesScene Analysis: Macbeth Act 1 Scene 5 Act 1, Scene 5 is a soliloquy spoken by Lady Macbeth after she has read her husbands letter, and when she knows from the messenger that the king will be arriving that night. The raven himself is hoarse That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan Under my battlements. Come, you spirits That tend on mortal thoughts! Unsex me here, And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full Of direst cruelty; make thick my blood, Stop up the access and passage to remorseRead MoreDelhi Metro1656 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesShakespeare 4 Kidz MACBETH Rumbling Thunder sets the mood for the opening of the show. Three figures emerge from the shadows. They are three Witches Ã¢â¬â or Weird Sisters Ã¢â¬â foretellers of the future (The Opening). They look forward to meeting Macbeth. At King DuncanÃ¢â¬â¢s camp near Forres, a wounded sergeant tells of MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s heroics in battles against Macdonald and the rebels, while Ross reports that King Sweno of Norway and the traitorous Thane of Cawdor have also been defeated by Macbeth. The witches waitRead MoreAct 3 Scene 1 of William Shakesepares Macbeth Essay examples1399 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAct 3 Scene 1 of William Shakesepares Macbeth Background King Duncan, has been murdered by Macbeth, and Macbeth is crowned King of Scotland. Banquo is back in the royal castle of Forres, and we find out, that he has been observing the recent events and is aware of the witches prophecies. This prompts him to wonder if the prophecy made to him by the witches may also come true. Meanwhile, Macbeth fears that Banquo and his son Fleance may be an obstacle to him and plans Read MoreAnalysis Of The Banquet Scene720 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Analysis of the Banquet Scene: Act III Scene iv After reading Act III of the text, return to scene iv for a closer analysis. Let the chart below guide your reading, and be sure to justify your answers to the questions using specific detailed evidence from the text. Examine the text: When Macbeth learns that Banquo has been assassinated but Fleance has escaped, he uses figurative language to describe his state of mind. He says, Ã¢â¬Å"Then comes my fit again: I had else been perfect; whole as theRead MoreLady Macbeth Character Analysis Essay838 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCharacter Analysis Lady Macbeth can be said to be one of Shakespeares most famous and frightening female characters. She fulfills her role among the nobility and is well respected, like Macbeth. She is loving, yet very determined that her husband will be king. At the beginning of the play, when she is first seen, she is already plotting the murder of Duncan, showing more strength, ruthlessness, and ambition than Macbeth. She lusts after power and position and then pressures her husband intoRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Macbeth 1318 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesShakespeare s tragedy, Macbeth, follows a manÃ¢â¬â¢s bloody rise to power, which hinges on murder of the Scottish king named Duncan. In my opinion, the play s most memorable character is the wife of this man, Lady Macbeth. Similar to her spouse, Lady Macbeth s lust for power plunges her into madness. So much so that Lady Macbeth turns to witchcraft transforms herself into an desexualized evil spirit to quench her thirst to become a man. The pla y is filled with moments when characters reveal vital informationRead MoreLiterary Analysis of Macbeth Essay1310 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLiterary Analysis of Macbeth Having a lust for power can cause a loss in many things. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s as if youÃ¢â¬â¢re in a win-lose situation. In this case, the play Macbeth written by Shakespeare has scholars sayings, Ã¢â¬Å"The lust for power by Macbeth and Lady Macbeth led to a loss of humanity.Ã¢â¬ With that said, I totally agree with their view. Both Lady Macbeth and Macbeth went out of their way to even killing King Duncan and burdening the murder on his guardsmen. Even though thatÃ¢â¬â¢s a common human act, you just
Thursday, December 12, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Forensic Toxicology Case Study. Answer: The spectra of each case samples linked to the testing of Human Growth Hormone is interpreted in this section based on the confirmatory results. Together with the information obtained in part one and two of the case study, this paper presents a written final case report on all the case samples. Interpretation High HGH levels linked to high levels of IGF-1. Normal HGH and IGF-1 receptors trigger gigantism (kids) and acromegaly (adults). The conditions are: tumor in pituitary gland often result in benign adenoma. Also, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN-I). Non-pituitary gland tumor situated in lungs, pancreases, adrenal gland and elsewhere secreting either HGH or HGH-releasing hormone (GHRH). It can then stimulate the production of HGH by pituitary gland. Also, McCune-Albright Syndrome can ensue. High levels of HGH are never linked to high IGH-1 levels and have been observed in such conditions as: uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, starvation, kidney illness, inherited GH resistance also called Laron syndrome. High GH levels linked to high IGH-1 levels are seen in such conditions as: dwarfism as a result of IGF-1 resistance due to inactivating mutation in IGF-1 receptor. Low levels of GH linked to low IGF-1 levels trigger dwarfism in kids alongside imprecise, broad-based symptom alongsi de surged risk of CVD (adults). It is observed in such condition as hypopituitarism (Meyer, Burgos-Robles, Liu, Correia Goosens, 2014). The GH stimulation test: where levels of GH remain insignificantly stimulated during the HGH stimulation test (stay lower than normal), and the individual has signs and symptoms of GHD (and lower IGF-1 level), when measured), it is probably that there is a HGH deficiency that the health provider might treat. Where the TSH and/or T4 level of an individual stays normal, then it will probably be addressed initially as thyroid illness can trigger symptoms identical to GHD. An individual might further have hypopituitarism and/or a more general drop in function of pituitary. The HGH testing for GH deficiency must not be carried out till an individuals thyroid function has been effectively evaluated (Lewis et al., 2015). Where hypothyroidism is present in a child, it must be treated and the growth rate of the child evaluated before testing GH is considered. Where an individual exercises vigorously and doesnt experience a rise in levels of GH, then such a person might have a deficiency of GH which has to be followed up with GH testing. HGH suppression test: In case an individual levels of GH are never significantly suppressed in the course of HGH suppression test (stay higher than normal), and the individual has signs and symptoms of GH excess (acromegaly or gigantism), and IGF-1 level high (when measured), it is probably that the individual tested is secreting too much HGH. Where a mass showcases on an X-ray, MRI, CT scan, the pituitary tumor (often benign) is probably present Where a person is being monitored for a past tumor, the surges in HGH might denote a recurrence. Pituitary tumours remain the common trigger of HGH production, however, they might as well trigger deficiencies. The tumor presenc e can affect both production of HGH and ACTH and prolactin. Where tumor is comparatively huge, it might inhibit the production of all pituitary-secreted hormones and trigger surrounding tissues damage (Gonzalez, Windram, Sathyapalan, Javed, Clark Atkin, 2017). In conclusion, from the three assignments; 1, 2 and 3, I have been able to understand how to test and interpret the results of lab test effectively. References Gonzalez, S., Windram, J. D., Sathyapalan, T., Javed, Z., Clark, A. L., Atkin, S. L. (2017). Effects of human recombinant growth hormone on exercise capacity, cardiac structure, and cardiac function in patients with adult-onset growth hormone deficiency. Journal of International Medical Research, 0300060517723798. Lewis, A. L., Jordan, F., Patel, T., Jeffery, K., King, G., Savage, M., ... Illum, L. (2015). Intranasal Human Growth Hormone (hGH) Induces IGF-1 Levels Comparable With Subcutaneous Injection With Lower Systemic Exposure to hGH in Healthy Volunteers. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology Metabolism, 100(11), 4364-4371. Meyer, R. M., Burgos-Robles, A., Liu, E., Correia, S. S., Goosens, K. A. (2014). A ghrelingrowth hormone axis drives stress-induced vulnerability to enhanced fear. Molecular psychiatry, 19(12), 1284-1294.
Thursday, December 5, 2019
Next is Ã¢â¬Å"at risk teensÃ¢â¬ and discovering they have coping skills that can help them jump forward or hold them back. Educators can help the teens first by building a trustworthy rapport with the student, assist in goal setting, helping them avoid procrastination, and help to visualize their future for their lifetime goals and achievements. In the work place it is implied that managers who communicate implementing the Ã¢â¬Å"Three Roles of Language in Motivation TheoryÃ¢â¬ which are Perlocutionary, Locutionary and Illocutionary leads to a successfuly motivated team. Sullivan, 1998, p. 110) Implementing these communication methods are key to help an employee feel a sense of worth and team, that by building on three principals they can have a successful employee and by association a successful department. Keywords: Self-worth, motivation, at risk teens, elementary students, employees Self-Worth Theory: Motivation for a Lifetime Henry Ford once said Ã¢â¬Å"Whether you think that you can, or that you cant, you are usually right. Ã¢â¬ (Ford n. d. ) This quote really gets to the heart of the self-worth theory of motivation. It truly comes down to the individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ perception for the potential of success. Self-worth can affect an individual at any stage in life and can even go so much as varying from task to task. An individual can feel motivated and fulfilled one day and with a new task requested of them feel as though the task is either beneath them or make them feel imperfect for not being able to complete the task, or procrastinate long enough with the task to prove the time constraint was the issue and not the individuals lack of ability to complete it. Professor at UC Berkley and published author Martin Covington was one of the pioneers of the self-worth theory of achievement motivation. His findings derive from his paper written: Covington stated that the basic cognitive position and shares with it the view that achievement behavior can be most meaningfully conceptualized in terms of self perceptions of causalityÃ¢â¬ ¦ it also incorporates a motivational component, and for this reason it forms the basis for conceptual rapprochement between cognitive and learned-drive theories. Covington 1984) Society judges itself by oneÃ¢â¬â¢s net worth, successes and accomplishments. The inability to succeed in societyÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes is a perceived sense of failure. The self-worth theory concentrates on the ability to find successes, however when an individual cannot succeed it blames itself on the lack of ability. Performance is judged by the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to succeed by society, performance is judged by the individual by lack of effort by the individual. However, whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s the feeling of accomplishment by the individual or the pat on the back by society, they both lead to self worth. In the paper Ã¢â¬Å"The Self-Worth Theory of Achievement Motivation: Findings and ImplicationsÃ¢â¬ it quotes Teevan and FischerÃ¢â¬â¢s unpublished paper from 1967 Covington states parents of success-oriented youngsters tend to reward performance that is praiseworthy yet ignore or at least remain neutral toward the performance that falls short of adult expectations. The opposite pattern appears characteristics of the parents of failure-avoiding children: punishing their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s failures while being noncommittal in the event of success. Covington 1984) Covington then goes on to explain that if children feel that the end success rate is high, the child then feels the ability to even attempt things that might actually be above their ability levels. These individuals that are success minded will then attempt more things in the future that potentially have a higher likelihood of failure due to the higher rate of successes in the past. Potentially the past can either cloud or clear a path for success. Previous perceptions of success lead to potential for further success, whereas previous failure can lead to apathy and stagnant achievement. It seems that the basis for self-worth is started very early in a childÃ¢â¬â¢s development, not just at the primary level of education but with parental guidance and judgments, both positive and negative, from birth. Achievements and failures are then recorded for future reference. Do well, and get praise for those who will potentially grow up to be success-oriented adults. Do poorly, or just not as well as a parent had hoped and be degraded for failure. These children are then growing up as failure avoidance adults; doing the bare minimum just to avoid being perceived as failures. A way to describe these failure avoidance teens could be at risk teens. How do at risk teens find motivation in an educational setting? At risk teens are typically underachievers with low self esteem. In public school settings they can be seen as trouble makers both in and out of the classrooms. At best they can find themselves in an Alternative Education school setting, at worst; they find themselves as high school drop outs or young teens with a GED. At risk teens find motivations situational such as goal setting, self awareness and the relationship between student and instructor. The instructor student relationship is how the student perceives the teachers actual intentions. If the student believes the instructor cares about them as a person, the student is more motivated about class participation. (Wentzel 1997). When a student in elementary school is in a classroom setting all day with the same instructor it is easier for them to develop a trust, this is not as easy to develop in the higher grades of middle and high school as the instructors spend an hour or so with the student and there is far less time for the student to develop the trust with the instructor (Wentsel 1997). When a student is able to set goals it helps with performance and task motivation. With task motivation, it is to attain a skill set for the student. This can be attaining a mastery and improving knowledge or competence. When a student completes an assignment they see it as an end, the motivation to complete the work for the benefit of knowledge, and this only occurs when the student initiates it. Performance goals are when a student wants to prove superior skills. The combination of the two goals allows the student to advocate their own self regulated learning. Accordino, Accordino, Slaney 2000) Self awareness motivates students to engage in tasks as influenced by what the students wants to accomplish in life. The individual is motivated by their future self and they strive to do what needs to be accomplished to achieve the outcome they desire. (Leondari, Syngollitou, Kiosseeoglou). Self worth theory allows students to withhold effort in situations if they feel their self esteem wi ll have a negative impact. If an individual feels a threat to self esteem due to an ability or lack thereof, they will start to doubt their abilities overall nd withdraw all efforts to protect self esteem. If an at risk student has experienced failure in front of peers, it becomes a knee jerk reaction to put forth no effort to hide that they need assistance. Whereas a self-worth student will put forth effort with no hesitation and little regard for their self esteem as theirsÃ¢â¬â¢ is intact, as the student is able to protect themselves by shifting blame on the instructor when they do not do well. (Thompson, Davidson, Barbier). How does the work place affect self motivation? Manager communications can be crucial to an employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s motivation. In an organization a manager acts as the communication hub to their employees. Their communication can act to reduce ambiguity in the workplace. The manager can help motivate by having some transparency in the workplace of what upper managers are deciding and this can help morale overall. The managersÃ¢â¬â¢ communications can help by increasing knowledge and abating uncertainty to their subordinates, they can reaffirm the job they are doing; and by giving that Ã¢â¬Å"attaboyÃ¢â¬ it can reassure the employees place in the company and give more self-worth to them, it can also be used to inform the employee, to help guide them in their work. Sullivan, 1988). These theories for managerial communications assume that the employee is uncertain about goals, or policies in the work place, and that the employee is willing to accept the managerÃ¢â¬â¢s constructive criticism. In the Ã¢â¬Å"Three Roles of Language in Motivation TheoryÃ¢â¬ it is suggested that a manager can use different ways of communicating with his employees and in using all the three methods he outlines, Perlocutionary, Locutionary and Illocutionary the employee will have motivation. Perlocutionary acts to reduce workerÃ¢â¬â¢s uncertainty through the use of goals as the goals are being met, the employee feels motivated to meet higher and more difficult goals. Locutionary acts to facilitate meaning making through the uses of metaphors and informal speaking methods, the employee is given scripts or processes and are able to work in response to knowing the outcome of the script, as they use the processes and procedures more they feel motivated to tackle more difficult issues as they are assured of the outcome of a process. Illocutionary acts as way of connecting with employees on an emotional level, the workers develops self worth and trust towards the manager due to informal conversations with small talk, this helps to form a bond between employees and managers in a less formal setting and is a by-product of sitting in the vicinity of each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s immediate surroundings. He further suggests that when all three communication methods are implemented, the employee will feel motivated and have a sense of accomplishment and self-worth (Sullivan, 1988). When the managers effectively utilize SullivanÃ¢â¬â¢s methods, they found that the managers knew better what employees needed to know, importance of informal communicating and role play there, and the workers were people. Sullivan, 1988) Using just the three stages out of many in an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s life: elementary school, at risk teens in secondary education levels and individuals in the work place, it can be shown that self worth can change with the right mentoring, it can affect a person all their life, and it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t need to always be negative self worth, sometimes itÃ¢â¬â¢s positive. In conclusion Abraham Lincoln said it best Ã¢â¬Å"Always bear in mind that your own resolution to succeed is more important than any other one thing. Ã¢â¬ (Lincoln, 1855)
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