Sunday, May 5, 2019

Building Information Modeling (BIM) For Sustainable Design Dissertation

Building Information mold (BIM) For Sustainable Design - Dissertation ExampleIntroduction 29 5.2. Kiowa County School, Greensburg, Kansas 29 6. Results and Discussion 33 7. References 37 Building Information Modeling for Sustainable Design 1. Chapter One Introduction 1.1. Impact of Building formula on Environment Building aspect is one of the oldest human activities on the earth. The pr everyplaceb necessity is the fret of invention probably evoked in human talent for creating a controlled milieu in piece to moderate the effects of climate. Human beings constructed shelters to adapt themselves to a wide variety of climates (Encyclopedia of Britannica, n.d.). This is how emerged a new activity, which is called build construction. Centuries of development have established three principal characteristics of grammatical construction construction physique, material, and comfort. The history of evolution of building construction has marked number of trends that are associated wit h these characteristics. Among them are search for increasing durability of building materials, following for providing greater height and span to the construction, implementation of innovative approaches to increase the degrees of control over the interior environment of the building as well as the use of more robust machineries in construction (Encyclopedia of Britannica, n.d.). The give in state of building construction is the result of many evolutionary touch ones like agrarian, industrial, and digital. In the process of evolution, the design process of building construction became more and more complicated. At the same time, this process also created a broad range of building products that are categorized according to the building types and markets. Todays building construction process involves professionals like building product manufacturers, craftsmen, contractors, coordinators, specialized consultants, and quality control personnel. This complex unified process represen ts the largest industry in the world. According to United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in the the States this industry in 2002 consisted of 223,114 establishments representing more than $531 billion in annual revenues. It is no doubt that this complex process provides countless benefit to the society, however at the same it uses a vast amount of resources. Worldwide construction activities consume three billion tons of raw materials each year it is 60% of total spherical use (Dixon, 2010 Ahmed, 2010). Loss of agricultural land to the building is 80% (Dixon, 2010). Total land area in the USA is 2.3 billion acres urban land area from 1945 to 2002 quadrupled against twofold population growth over the same period (United States Energy Protection Agency, 2009). During the time of 1997 to 2002, rural land use for re locationntial purposes change magnitude by 29% (United States Energy Protection Agency, 2009) no other industry uses more material ecumenic than the constr uction industry (Ahmed, 2010). Per Australian Bureau of statistics building and construction industries use 55% of timber, 27% of charge plate products and 12% of iron and steel (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2003). Building construction industry on one side consumes enormous natural resources, and on the other side it gives to nature heat and pollution, construction waste, solid waste, sewage and surface drainage. According to EPA (United States Energy Protection Agency, 2009), buildings in the United States produces 38.9% of the nations total coulomb dioxide emissions 20.8% from the residential sector and 18.1% from the commercial sector. According to

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