Monday, April 15, 2019

To what extent was naval rivalry the main cause of the first World War Essay Example for Free

To what extent was maritime rivalry the main cause of the first public War EssayOne of the main causes of World War I was the Anglo-German oceanic race. Britain, as an island empire, always had the dark blue as unrivaled of her top priorities. A key event in Britains naval expansion was the 1889 Naval Defense Act that ceremonious the devil power standard Britain considered necessary to have a navy that was not only the large(p)st in the ground, but also equal to or greater than the sum of the worlds second and third largest navies. On the some other side of the channel, also Germany saw naval expansion vital and as the only way to keep abreast in the acquisition of overseas colony therefore, the official aim of Germanys naval expansion was to fortify their colonial empire, but this expansion was also seen as an obvious response to the British naval plans. This mail exacerbated the relations between the devil European power and set basic elements for a naval race. I n 1906, the Naval Race took an important turn.Britain launched the HMS Dreadnought, this new battleship was faster (21 knots), with a bigger depart ( 9-12 Km), and powered with ten twelve-inch guns instead of the usual four, it was such an advancement of naval technology that it rendered all be battleships obsolete. A couple of years later Germany responded to Britain, planning to build four dreadnoughts in a collar years time. Britain inevitably had to counterattack Germanys expansion by announcing the building of eight dreadnoughts instead of three. then the relations between them were obsessed from the building of the navies, and a direct and evident rivalry was created. The results of this frenetic naval rivalry was that by 1914 Germany ,even if Britains fleet remained considerably larger , had become the second naval world power they were both ready for a more than ever imminent war. Although the naval rivalry was one of the main causes of World War I and profoundly contrib uted to create an aggressive situation between the European nations, there was other long terms causes beside it.One of them was the alliances system that divided Europe in two main faction on one side the triple alliance, including Germany Austria and Italy, on the other the triple entente, including France Russia and England. These alliances were specify as defensive, but choosing allies obviously also implicate choosing the most likely enemies, therefore this two blocs were ready to fight in case of a war. Another long term cause was the colonial rivalry. In the decades preceding WWI almost all the European nations were involved in the Scramble for Africa.All the nations cute to demonstrate their strength occupying vast areas of Africa. France was one of the most successful, hold inling almost all the West and kernel Africa. Also Germany started an intense colonial expansion and gained a million square miles territory between 1884 and 1899. Britain gained the control of some areas in the south of Africa, in Egypt and on the East and Gold Coast. The colonies were often seen as a source of free raw materials and as the only areas of possible expansion without deeply compromising European balance.Effects of the colonial rivalry can be analyzed in two different ways, on the one hand colonies were a sort of safety valve allowing the European power to keep the contrasts away from their unpolluted on the other hand this rivalry implemented the tension between the colonists nations, causing aggressive unlike policy. Besides this long term causes there was also the event that formerly caused the outbreak of war the black lotion of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.The heir to the throne was assassinated on 28 June 1914 during a visit to the provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The attack was planned from a group of six young Bosnians, even if their first plan to kill Franz Ferdinand failed, Gavrilo Princip, one of them, was able to rise the car and shot the Archduke and his wife. The assassination was the perfect pretext for Austria to start military actions against Serbia, and after gaining Germanys co-occurrence Austria-Hungary finally mobilized her troops against Serbia on 25 July.As a reaction Russia mobilized against both Germany and Austria, Germany declared war on France and Britain declared war on Germany for violating Belgium neutrality. In conclusion none of these causes can be defined as the only cause of war. All of them contributed to create hostility between European powers and to create the radical for a World War. The Naval Rivalry was probably a result of the pre existing tensions but sure as shooting increased the hostility between Britain and Germany.Anyway the presence of such a great navy and troops do not implicate a war but should be a deterrent since large scale destructions would be inevitable. Its also true that the possession of a great and expensive navy and army pushes to use and test them. The overwhelming imp ression is that the long term causes made a bout inevitable and that the short term causes such as the Balkan and Moroccan crisis just helped to increase the tension epoch the Franz Ferdinands assassination was just the excuse the nations were looking forward to start the conflict.

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