Sunday, March 31, 2019

Concepts and Determinants of Health

Concepts and Determinants of HealthRonald M. VeranoIntroductionHealth is very principal(prenominal) in every human being. In every nation, private and non-private sectors station extensive efforts to maintain the welf be of the community. They have critically planned strategies to bid a health issue or problem. Strategies enkindle be health interventions or policies. Policies takes a longer period of time to be hypothesise and adapted to the night club. There ar heaps of factors that bottom make an reach, straightway or indirectly, to the constitution-making procedures.New Zealand has prioritize health over the last(prenominal) several(prenominal) years. They have been formulating policies to maintain and promote health among New Zealanders and policies to embrace the health issue the country is still facing. There argon several factors that go all to bestowher to affect the health of the community. Such factors include, the places where they live, their milieu they atomic number 18 used to, it could overly be their genetics, income, employment and even their affinity with their families and friends. These factors that affect the individuals health are called determinants.Demographic scattering of PopulationA country consists of urban and country-bred areas. These areas differ from from each one other in terms of the community, environment and certain situations near health. In urban areas, most passel are modernized than that of the farming(prenominal). Urban is also considered the cities where lots of buildings and facilities are being established. People in terms of approachability of healthcare facilities much(prenominal) as clinics and hospitals are most likely to approach path and are privileged to obtain medical help. On one hand, agricultural areas which are known to be in the countryside or provincial areas, where buildings and facilities are less likely to be seen, have poor find to health. nearlytimes they even seek medical help if their condition is already surpass and fatal. Hospitals are non accessible that could resort state to choose non to seek medical help. There is disparity between the urban and rural when it comes to healthcare access and distribution. Aside from the facilities, in that location is lack of resources in rural areas, such resources include medicines, diagnostics, and even health care providers.Political determinePolitical harbors make how slew think and react to data. These volume are encouraged to see the credibility of the message of such information according to the beliefs and determine instilled to them. some(prenominal) messages can convey a terror to these people that is why they become resistant to the policies and advocacy being pictureed to them. This can make them non interested with the policy and thus participation is not affirmable. Health communication messages, such as advocacies and policies, may trigger a individual to react haughty ly and negatively to it. Policies that are against ones belief can lead to resistance of the individual, especially to those people who value their beliefs in a high state. This can influence the process of policy in the making. Government agencies should also partake in addressing this problem. Government officials are representatives of the people and people chose them to lead them. These officials should be fair and honest, they should focused on issues affecting the people, health being one of the priorities of the nation.Religious beliefsSimilar with political values, religions instill beliefs that make a persons being. Religious beliefs prevail people of what is right and wrong, of what to do and not to do. For instance in some countries, there is an issue of overpopulation. Other problems can occur such as abortion. In order for the government to solve this problem they resort to a policy which highly favors contraception. As some religions are pro-life, they believe the po licy give be against to their belief, chances are they would oppose to the policy making it possible to happen.Human ValuesHuman values include compassion, respect for others, commitment, and so forth These human values shape the persons perception towards health. If people are being committed to stay and become heavy, then policies pertaining to health are of their interest. But some people, although they are concern about their health, lacks the turn back to stay sizable. And still believe that health is being gratuitous from all nausea.Ethnicity and traditionsEthnicity is the persons identity. It also involves beliefs and traditions that one belongs to. Same way with the ghostly beliefs and human values of an individual. If an individual has his own set of values to pack them. If a policy is believed to be against their practices and traditions, they will oppose eventually.The concept of humanity to healthHealth as perceived by many people is the absence of a disease. M any people think that they are hearty because they dont feel any pain or soreness or simply personal symptoms. But health is not merely the absence of any pain or discomfort or disease, it is more(prenominal) than that. This is the common misconception of mostly people. Health is the complete condition of physical, emotional, intellectual and rational being of a person. This military capabilitys could affect the process of policy in the making. In the planning phase, for instance, obtaining information would be very difficult to accomplish if people will not engage or participate. Same thing with the effectuation phase, there is a need for people to participate. If their perception of themselves are healthy even though they are not, they wont be dynamic in those activities because they think the policies are not for them.The concept of public to illnessIllness is viewed in different ways. It is the own feeling perceive by a person. It is the judgement of the person to its bod y if he feels healthy or unhealthy. Some people think they are healthy being free from a physical illness. For example, a person who is deemed fit, has no illness at all but is suffering from depression. He can deny that he is not ill but the fact that he is suffering mentally or emotionally cannot be taken for granted. People need to determine that illness is not just a symptom of a physical discomfort or pain felt in some split of the body. Illness is associated with mental, emotional and intellectual being.Importance the public on healthIt is very of import for people to value their health. Health reflects the condition of the nation. It is analogous to a family is considered healthy if all of its members are healthy. A country is considered healthy if the larger proportion of its nightclub are healthy. If majority of the society neglects the grandeur of health to them, then active participation in promoting health and preventing diseases from ventilation will not be accom plish. People need to have cognisance, creating awareness will help people engage to activities and eventually in the policies. It is important to know that they have an idea of what health and illness is about. That these two will affect their well-being.Public Attitudes towards health and medical professionalsAttitudes reflects the way people behave. It would front on their beliefs being instilled to them. It is similar to children learn how to read in a different way while they were in school. Attitudes make a person who he is. When it comes to health, they view it in a different manner. For example, issues on obesity. Some obese people are aware the complications they might have of being obese, others believe it is beauty because they were used to their customs that being overweight is attractive, without erudite the complications they might acquire due to being obese. On a brightness level side, there are people who values their health and has the discipline of maintaining a healthy state.Meanwhile, people have also different views and perception about health and medical professionals. Some may fear them thinking that pursuit medical help will only aggravate their condition. Some may have the impression that these professionals arent competent enough that they would choose not to ask for help. Culture, norms and beliefs has also something to do with their attitudes towards these health care providers.There are many factors that may influence, directly or indirectly, the process of policy-making, particularly in New Zealand context. New Zealand has focused their policies in maintaining the healthy state of its members of the society and has made efforts in acquiring such improvements over the years. But still, there are factors to consider that could influence the policy-making procedures in either positive or negative manner. Such factors are identified as social, economic and personal. What is important is that the government and non-government se ctors takes part on recognizing these factors and tries to address and resolve the issue. just about New Zealanders have originated from different cultures. Cultures have distinct beliefs and practices, this make a person belong to a certain culture. A lot of times, policies are intended for most people but not all of them will have the chance to benefit on the policy. There are policies that are not culturally intended which makes other cultures to adapt easily, or others to altogether adapt at all. There is also racial discrimination among these cultures and then fair access to health is not feasible. In addition, people with higher status in life are most likely to access health services and facilities than that of the poorer ones. Thus policies should be customized with every individual unheeding of his status in the society.Poverty has also a greater impact on health policy-making. Poverty can be associated with many things such as lack of participation of people, lack of aw areness when an epidemic is present in the community. People dont have the enough resources to soften their needs, not enough money to purchase medicines in case they get sick. For example, a policy involving contraception will not be strong on people living in poorer areas, because they cant bear to purchase pills that can be a bit expensive or that their health centres dont have enough supplies to give to these people. cognisance to people is important. It can make the person acquire knowledge on his environment. A clear example of this is when an outbreak strikes, people can help in preventing this if they are aware of the disease that has infected them, its cause and the measures require to confine and reduce the deal of this disease. In contrast, people who are not keen on the disease may even help to spread the disease. Although efforts have been made, with people who are not knowledgeable enough would worsen the situation.In conclusion, all of these factors are not to be taken for granted. This can influence the military capability of the whole process of making such policies in a positive or negative way. The goal here is to include these factors, find solutions to address them in order for policies to become adaptive to the society. for each one country must have a government sector and its society that will work hand in hand to maintain the best level of each individuals well-being. They should both aim for the practiced of its people. Policies are made to guide the people, to give them a sense of a unified direction. Policies are also made to address an existing problem. Its effectiveness will depend on the belief that is instilled in him. People usually make a reaction message the way he perceives it. It is the values that makes the person to accept or resist the policy that is to be implemented.Bibliography foundation Health Organization (2014). Determinants of Health. Health Impact Assessment. Retrieved December 3, 2014 from http//www. who.int/hia/evidence/ universal time/en/J. Capella et.al. (2014). Political Values Influence Peoples Response to Health Disparity Message. drive Releases. Retrieved December 3, 2014 from https//www.asc.upenn.edu/news-events/press-releases/political-values-influence-peoples-response-health-disparities-messagesEgton Medical discipline System Limited (2014). Ethnic Matters. Professional References. Retrieved December 2, 2014 from http//www.patient.co.uk/doctor/ethnic-mattersOxford University Press (2014). Definition Attitude. British and World English. Retrieved December 3, 2014 from http//www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/attitude

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