Thursday, February 21, 2019

Concept Comparison and Analysis

idea Comparison and Analysis Jessica Watts NUR 513 July 2nd, 2012 Coleen Lucas Concept Comparison and Analysis Core constructs argon the basis for a speculation or model conceptions ease in the development of theories. Theorists have create different models ortheories but have common core concepts. This root will identify the core concept of the role of do by for, which two theorists, Dorothea Orem and Virginia Henderson well-nigh(prenominal) utilized. We will compare andanalyze the concept definitions among some(prenominal) theorists, and discuss the matter-of- particular riding habit of Orems ego interest theory. Core ConceptThe core concept of The role of nursing was used in both Dorothea Orems self handle model and in Virginia Hendersons nursing wish model. Dorothea Orems definition of nursing is go throughs deliberately selected and performed by nurses to help individuals or groups chthonian their awe to maintain or change conditions in themselves or their surrounds ( latest nurse, 2010, para. 4). Virginia Hendersons definition of nursing is assisting individuals to gain independence in relation to the slaying of activities contributing to riseness or its recovery (Timetoast, 2011).Their theories in relation to the concept differ where Orems concept requires the uncomplaining to have a self deficit and in need of nursing care or underpin while Hendersons concept states that nursing is required regardless if the tolerant is sick or wellnessy. The concepts are also similar in the fact that they both support the long-suffering is regaining optimal health. Their concepts are applicable in different nursing settings because the goals of each are the same. Orems ego concern TheoryMetaparadigmsWithin Orems self care theory, at that place are five metaparadigms nursing, health, environment, human being, and nursing client. Orem views nursing as an art, a dowry service, and a technology. Orems definition of nursing is actions deliberately selected and performed by nurses to help individuals or groups under their care to maintain or change conditions in themselves or their environments (Current care for, 2010, para. 3). Orem encompasses the endurings, the physicians, and the nurses perspective of the patients health condition.Her goal of nursing is to make the patient and members of the patients family capable of meeting the patients self care needs, maintain an optimal state of health, to regain previous state of health after an illness or disease, and to decrease the effects of a continuing illness. Orem uses the terms health and hefty to describe living things it is when they are structur onlyy and functionally whole or sound, in conjunction, with physiological and psycho-physiological mechanisms and a secular structure in relation to and interacting with other human beings (Current Nursing, 2010, para. ). Orems environment is the elements, conditions, and components within the environment. co ncord to Orem a human being has the capacity to reflect, present and use symbols a unity that can function biologically, symbolically, and socially (Current Nursing, 2010, para. 5). A nursing client is a human being who has health associate or derived issues that cause them to be incapable of continuous and complete self care they are the focus, only when their self care needs overhaul their self care capabilities. Theory of Self CareOrems definition of self care is the practice of activities that the individual initiates and performs on their own behalf to maintain life, health, and well being (Current Nursing, 2010, para. 12). The human ability to engage in self care is determined by age, developmental state, life experience, social and cultural orientation, health, and unattached resources. Orem describes three self care requisites universal self care requisites, developmental self care requisites, and health disagreement of self care all are directed towards the provision o f self care.Universal self care requisites are the maintenance, provision, balance, prevention, and furtherance of human functioning. Developmental self care requisites are associated with developmental processes derived from a condition or associated with an event (Current Nursing, 2010, para. 14), for example adjusting to a juvenile job or adjusting to bodily changes, such as menopause. Health refraction self care is required in conditions of illness, disease, or injury. Health deviation is seeking, securing, modifying, learning, and effectively carrying out medically prescribed measures. Theory of Self Care DeficitOrems theory of self care deficit specifies when nursing is indispensable. Nursing is required when an adult (or in the case of a dependent, the parent) is incapable or limited in the provision of continuous effective self care (Current Nursing, 2010, para. 16). Orems created five methods of helping which are acting for and doing for others, guiding others, funding one another, providing an environment that promotes personal development, and teaching one another. Theory of Nursing Systems Orem describes how the patients self care needs will be meet by the nurse, patient, or both in her theory of nursing systems. The design and elements of a nursing system defines the scope of nursing responsibility in health care situations, defines general and specific roles of nurses and patients, and defines reasons for nurses relationship with patients (Current Nursing, 2010, para. 17). Orem recognized that members of the health affair usually develop specialized technologies. A technology is systematized information virtually a process or a method for affecting some desired result through deliberate practical endeavors, with or without use of materials or instruments (Current Nursing, 2010, para. 17).Concept of Orems Theory Orem interrelates concepts in such a way, that it creates a different perspective of a particular phenomenon. Orems theory is logi cal, simple, and generalizable and is a basis to test hypotheses. It contributes to and assists in increasing the general body of intimacy within the discipline through the research implemented to validate them (Current Nursing, 2010, para. 21). According to Orem, her theory in Current Nursing, 2010, can be used by practitioners to guide and improve their practice and it must be consistent with other validated theories, principles, and laws. MajorAssumptions, Strengths, and Limitations According to Current Nursing, 2010 some major assumptions of Orems theory are people should be self-reliant and responsible for their own care and their family people are distinct individuals nursing is a form of action and interaction between two or more people successfully meeting universal and developmental self care requisites is an important component of primary care prevention knowledge of potential health problems is obligatory for promoting self care behaviors and self care and dependent car e are behaviors learned within a socio- cultural context.Some strengths to Orems theory, according to Current Nursing, 2010 are it provides a comprehensive base to nursing practice it has advantage for professional nursing in the areas of nursing practice, education, administration, and research specifies when nursing is needed and Orems self care approach is contemporary with the concepts of health progress and health maintenance today. As with any theory there are always limit points to its use Orems theorys major limitation is that her theory is illness oriented and only calls for nursing care when there is an illness present. Global health care needs, as identified by clinicians or patients/consumers, are addressed through the generation of research license that is effective, but also feasible, appropriate and meaningful to specific populations, cultures and settings (The Joanna Briggs Institute, 2011). Concepts are the bases for a theory or model and aide the development of theories. The common concept discussed in this paper was the role of nursing, which is common and essential to Orem and Hendersons theory.Orem believed that a patient needed to have a self deficit for nursing care while Henderson believed in nursing care whether the patient was healthy or ill. While each theorist had different definitions of the role of nursing, both had the same concept of nursing care. Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups and communities, sick or well and in all settings.Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people. Advocacy, promotion of a proficient environment, research, participation in shaping health policy and in patient and health systems management, and education are also key nursing roles (Definition of Nursing, 2010). Orems self care model demonstrated the role of nursing in caring for an individual with a self care deficit a nd/or illness. Nursing interventions help individuals regain optimal health and well-being.References Current Nursing. (2010). Dorothea Orems Theory. Retrieved from http//currentnursing. com/nursing_theory/self_care_deficit_theory. html Definition of Nursing. (2010). Retrieved from http//www. icn. ch/about-icn/icn-definition-of-nursing/ Timetoast. (2011). Breif history of Nursing. Retrieved from http//www. timetoast. com/timelines/22792 The Joanna Briggs Institute . (2011). Retrieved from http//www. joannabriggs. edu. au/JBI%20Approach

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